2015考研复试英语之听力小技巧

发布时间:2019-04-13  栏目:教育  评论:0 Comments

  (1)be going to表示现在的打算和意图;

7.使用将来完成时的时机:

  We had just had our breakfast when an old man came to the door。

建议:Suggest,advise,recommend,propose,yrge(呼吁)move(提议)

  (7)在时间、条件、让步从句中,一般现在时代替将来时,但要注意区别从句的类型,如:

Police looked into the case.→The case was looked into by police.

  (4)在It is the
+序数词/形容词最高级+that的定语从句中,谓语动词常用现在完成时。如:

Ihope he will beback.

  (3)be to (do)表示安排、计划、决定、命令或注定要发生的事,如:

注意:lest should=for fear that+主语+may+V.(表现在或将来的情况)

  (4)be about to (do)表示将要(做),如:

13.I hope与祈使句的关系:I
hope接that从句时,句中可使用助动词may,形成祈使句,此时将I hope
that删掉,再将may置于that从句的主语之前,动词仍用原形,改句号为感叹号。

  If you want your film to be properly processed, you’ll have to wait
and pick it up on Friday, which is the day after tomorrow。

3.2.表过去的经验(也可用现在完成时):

  4.完成进行时指动作在完成时的基础上还要继续下去。如:

虚拟语气的if从句中若有表“完成”的助动词had或表“万一”的助动词should或were的出现时可将其置于主语前,而省略if。

  Greater efforts to increase agricultural production must be made if
food shortage is to be avoided。

If only he were here=I wish he were here.

  (2)by +将来时间、by the time/ when
+谓语动词是一般现在时的从句,主句用将来完成时。如:

What if it should rain?=what if it rains?=what may happen if it rains?

  (6)其他与完成时连用的时间状语:all this while, all this year, for
some time, so far, already, before, just, long, yet等。

I am doing laundry.

  一、步骤

④since后若是时段,一定要这段时间之后加ago。

  (1)by/between/up to/till +过去时间、since、by the time/when
+表示过去发生情况的从句,主句用过去完成时。如:

He was born in 1978.

  二、要点

He told me that he had seen the movies
once.注意过去完成时不能单独存在,必须有一般过去时从句或表过去的时间副词短语连用方可体现出不同时间发生的两种动作。

  (2)根据谓语动词与句子主语或非谓语动词与其逻辑主语的关系,确定句子是主动语态还是被动语态。

注意:①由连词when,unless,if,once等所引导的状语从句表示某条件要用一般现在时,主句要用一般将来时。

  I’d say whenever you are going after something that is belonging to
you, anyone who is depriving you of the right to have it is criminal。

Mr.wang loves me as if(though)I were his own child.

  I’ll tell him when you will ring again.
我告诉他你什么时候再来电话。(宾语从句)

1.2.完成时:

  (1990年考研题,see表示结果,不用于进行式)

I got up early,lest I miss the train.

  时态和语态对于听力解题至关重要,听清了、理解了听力材料的时态,看清了题干和选项的语态能够迅速解题。以下,跨考教育[微博]英语教研室的老师们为大家整理了具体的答题思路。

①用以表示正在做的动作。

  I hope her health will have improved greatly by the time we come
back next year。

He has gone toHong Kong.已经去了,现在人在香港;he has been to Hong
Kong.曾去过,现在又回来了。

  The school board listened quietly as John read the demand that his
followers had been demonstrating for。

If he should be here,I (would/will)beat him.

  He was seeing somebody creeping into the house through the open
window last night。

5.3.用以表示到现在为止仍在继续的动作或状态:

  The changes that howe taken place place in air travel during the
last sixty years would have seemed completely impossible to even the
most brilliant scientists at the turn of the 19th century。

第三节虚拟语气(subjunctive mood)

  (4)表示所有、占有的动词:belong to, owe, own, possess, hold(容纳);

美高梅娱乐场网站,It is my suggestion that he (should) study abroad.

  (2)arrive, come, drive, go, leave, retire, return, set off, start,
take off等表示移位的动词的进行体表示按计划肯定要发生的将来动作;

①must have+p.p.一定曾经……he is learned,he must have recieved a good
education.

  (1)先根据选项的区别点确定考题要点为时态,然后回到题句中寻找给出的或暗示的时间状语,缩小选择范围,进而选出正确答案;

Peter has lived here since two years ago.

  It is four years since John left school。

He was writing a letter when I came.

  By the time you arrive in London, we will have stayed in Europe for
two weeks。

上列结构可改为不定式,

  It isn’t the first time that I have found myself in an embarrassing
situation。

2.1.表知觉、状态、所有:

  3.完成时是时态测试的重点,注意与完成时连用的句型和时间状语:

18.suggest.insist.maintain的另类用法:

  Between 1897 and 1919 at least 29 motion pictures in which
artificial beings were portrayed had been produced。

2.与现在事实相反的虚拟语气~用过去时

  (6)be, begin, come, depart, get off, go, leave, return,
start的一般现在时表示按日历或时刻表要发生的将来动作或事件,如:

第二节语态

  I don’t know where he will go tomorrow.
我不知道他明天去哪儿。(宾语从句)

I wish you a good time.=I hope (that) you (may)have a good time.

  (画线部分一般不用will be)

②一般过去时:

  The company has been promising a rise in salary for ages, but
nothing has happened。

1.时态的分类:一般时;完成时;进行时。

  See to it that you include in the paper whatever questions they
didn’t know the answer to last time。

He had written the letter when I came.

  (8)在make sure, make certain, see (to it)
后的that从句中,谓语动词用一般现在时代替将来时,如:

I have just finished my work.

  (5)be on the point /verge of
(doing)表示“马上就要”,一般不与表示将来的时间状语连用;

He will write a letter tomorrow.

  (1)表示感知的动词:hear, feel, notice, recognize, see, taste, smell;

②过去完成时:

  (5)其他动词:cost, appear, concern, contain, consist, deserve,
matter, seem。

12.hope的用法:之后接that从句时,用一般时态表示极大可能性:表现在情况用现在时;表将来情况用将来时;表完成的状况用完成时;表进行的状况用进行时。各that
都可省略

  (5)在no sooner…than…,
hardly/scarcely…when/before…句型中,主句常用过去完成时。

2.4.表将来:begin/start/arrive/go/come等动词用一般现在时表将来。Does he
come tomorrow?

  Marlin is a young man of independent thinking who is not about to
pay compliments to his political leaders。

He is going to come.=he will come.

  (3)by now、since +过去时间、in/during/for/over/the past/last
few(或具体数字)years/days/months,主句用现在完成时, 但在it is
+具体时间since/before这一句型中,主句更多的时候不用完成时。如:

②表君主万岁时,可倒装:

  1.以下几类动词一般不能用于进行时,同样不用于完成进行时:

It will rain tomorrow.

  (include 不能用will include或其他形式)

14wish&hope的异同:

  比较:I’ll tell him when you ring
again。你再打电话时我告诉他。(状语从句)

1.4.完成进行时:

  如:

主张:advocate,maintain

  (2)表示意愿、情感的动词:desire, dislike, forgive, hate, like, love,
prefer, refuse, want, wish, fear, love, hate;

He goes to school every day.

  (表示1919年时已发生的情况)

②be going to=will

  (3)表示思考、看法的动词:believe, doubt, expect, forget, hope, feel,
mean, know, agree, realize, mind, recall, recollect, remember, trust,
suppose;

He is coming today.=he will be coming today.

  文章来源:跨考教育

1.语态的种类:分主动语态和被动语态两种,用于被动语态的必须是及物动词。

  2. 不用will/shall表达将来时的形式:

He has lived here since 2000.

  (1997年考研[微博]题,
belong表示归属,不用于进行式)

It is high time we did it.

He has been writing for two hours.

3.时态不一致的假设:

Lest为副词连词,引导状语从句,在该从句中助动词只用should,should往往省略。

When I have money,I will buy a car.

2.授予动词有两种被动语态:

注意:①上述结构变化中,以God为主语时,可省略may。例如:

She has been working with this company for 5 years.

7.3.表与过去事实相反,用过去完成时。

He was taking a bath when you called.

I hope the king may live long.→May the king live long!→ long live the
king!

16.didn’t need to do和need not have done的区别:

You muststudy hard lest you should fail the exam.=you must study hard
for fear that you may fail the exam.=you must study hard for fear of
failing the exam.

didn’t need to V是表过去的事实,即“不必……”同时也没有如此做;但need not
have +p.p.表与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,乃“本不必……但做了”

5.1.与现在事实相反:若非/要不是……就……

He had studied English for10 years before he left for the States.

I hope they have finished the work.

I wish he were here.

②A book was given him by me.(被动)

He ,who is lazy is doomed to failure.=he, who is lazy is doomed to fail.

5.2.用以表示到现在为止的经验,

14.3.从句表示真理时,恒用一般现在时,不必与主句一致。

第四节使用虚拟语气应注意事项

20.表“有必要的”形容词与that从句的关系:该从句用助动词须用should,且可省略。

14.2.不同之处:表“祝福”时,只能用wish,之后接两个名词或代词作宾语(类似授予动词)

Any book will do as long as it is interesting.

主语+have+p.p.(have译作:曾经)

3.动词+介词结构,也可变成被动语态:

4.否定句的被动语态

If主语+were to+原形动词,主语+would等助动词+原形动词

I have met him several times.

①表“自从”时,可作介词,之后接名词或者动名词②since也可作副词连词引导一般过去时的状语从句,主句用现在完成时或现在完成进行时。

I wish my parents longevity.=I hope (that) my parents can live long.

But for可用介词without代替之后仍接名词。

+might+V.(表过去的情况)

I have been studying English since I went to college.

①He was given a book by me.(被动)

15.对过去事物猜测的三种句型:

They don’t love him.→He is not loved by them.

I wish for a chance to try it.

③一般将来时:

If=in case(that)/on condition that/provided/providing(that)/so long
as/as long
as/此类连词一般只能用于纯条件情况下,其引导的从句均为一般现在时。

1.纯条件的虚拟语气~用现在时

15.”for+一段时间”与完成时的关系:

14.1主句若是一般现在时,从句不能用过去完成时和过去完成进行时,其它均可。

I gave him a book.(主动)

③将来完成时:

He is a student.

I wish he had been here.=I would rather he had been here.

Ihope (that) he is safe.

6.lest…(should)…以免……

If he had done it,he would have felt sorry.→Had he done it.he would have
felt sorry.

14.1.相同点:

He insisted on doing it that way.

7.4.as if或as though之后可接不定式,表示即将发生的状况。

规定:stipulate,rule,regulate

Suggest表“暗示”insist表“坚信”,maintain表“坚决认为”时,其后的that从句采用一般时态。

If he is here,I will beat him.

In case of+名词 万一……

注意insist on doing和persist in doing的区别是:insist on
doing含有固执的意味;persist in doing含有能力坚持,不轻易放弃的意思。

Honest is the best policy.

14.时态的前后一致

①现在完成进行时:

1.3.进行时:

He was dying=he was going to die.=he was about to die.

Since you have enough money,you needn’t have borrowedmoney from
me.Whydid you still borrow some?(事实是借钱了)

=but for his hard work,…

=were it not for his hard work,…(要不是他努力工作,我才不喜欢他)

10.使用将来进行时的时机:主语+willbe+现在分词,表于将来某时将进行的动作。

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